A recent study involving the Boston Birth Cohort associated concentrations of folic acid levels at birth with the development of food allergies during childhood.
Epidemiologic Analysis of Wuhan Coronavirus Demonstrates Up To Two-Week-Long Incubation Period and One-Week Doubling Time
Research suggests that the Wuhan coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 has an incubation period of up to two weeks.
Regulatory T cells control fibroblast activation in skin to suppress the pathogenesis of tissue fibrosis
The activity and function of regulatory T cells (Tregs) largely depends on the tissue in which they reside. Recent research has identified that Tregs in the skin are primed to control the pathogenesis of tissue fibrosis by expressing a unique transcriptional signature that supports the effective suppression of type 2 immune responses.
Knocking out a form of the liver X receptor, a protein involved in the regulation of gene expression, was found to promote inflammation and the loss of protective proteins in the blood-brain barrier, suggesting that the upregulation of these receptors could be considered as an approach to Multiple Sclerosis treatment.
Chronic Adolescent Stress Found to Potentiate Sex-specific Immune Responses that May Contribute to Mood Disorders during Adulthood
Researchers from Emory University investigated whether chronic adolescent stress (CAS) modulates immune responses within the brain to promote depression and anxiety during adulthood and suggest that males and females are uniquely affected by CAS.
New Insights into Tumor-Associated Monocytes and Macrophages Show Promise for the Treatment of Breast and Endometrial Cancers
The unique transcriptional profiles of tumor-associated macrophages and their progenitors, tumor-educated monocytes, have been used to develop diagnostic/prognostic gene signatures for breast and endometrial cancers and suggest potent therapeutic targets.
The presence of a white blood cell subpopulation was recently demonstrated to effectively distinguish individuals capable of naturally controlling HIV infection, known as HIV controllers, from people requiring antiviral medication.
A recent survey of Ulcerative Colitis patients and gastroenterologists in ten countries explored whether patients and physicians agree upon the importance of reasons for pursuing disease management and shed light on the perceptions of ulcerative colitis patients.
Childhood food allergy diagnoses have been associated with the use of prescription antibiotics during the first year of life.